Intra / Inter Government Agencies Negotiation

According to Section 1 of the South Africa Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act, 2005, intergovernmental dispute means a dispute between different governments or between organs of state from different governments concerning a matter –

a) arising from—

(i) a statutory power or function assigned to any of the parties; or

(ii) an agreement between the parties regarding the implementation of a statutory power or function; and

(b) which is justiciable in a court of law, and includes any dispute between the parties regarding a related matter.

That means intragovernmental dispute arose as a result of disagreement within the government or organs of the same government concerning statutory power or function, implementation of statutory power or function.

Nature of Intra/Intergovernmental agency Dispute: The commonest type of dispute is the notorious interagency rivalries such as between the Military and the Police; the disagreements that are being witnessed at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and over climate change issues between countries.

In fact, the humanitarian intervention in the north-east Nigeria is driven by ad-hoc state committees because of the mandate turf clashes between/among state agencies with similar functions such as the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and the National Refugee Commission among others.